Accessibility View Close toolbar

Rabies

1Rabies is a serious disease that is 100% fatal for dogs and cats once clinical signs are noted--PLEASE keep yourself, your family and your pets protected!

Both dogs and cats are required by law to be kept up to date on their Rabies vaccinations, including "indoor only" pets!


Rabies Facts

  • The Rabies virus can affect ALL MAMMALS! Including domestic and non-domestic animals, and HUMANS
  • The Rabies virus has been present in VA since the 1750’s
  • The Rabies vaccine has been MANDATORY for dogs since 1940!
  • The Rabies vaccine is REQUIRED BY LAW in VA for all dogs and cats by the time they are 4 months old
  • The bites from a rabid animal (especially a bat) can be so small they can be nearly impossible to find on your pet
  • An oral vaccine is sometimes hidden in bait & dropped in certain areas to help control the Rabies virus in the wild
  • ONCE SYMPTOMS ARE SHOWN, THE DISEASE IS FATAL!

Symptoms and Transmission

  • Respiratory transmission is possible, but very rare
  • Symptoms are HIGHLY variable and numerous!
  • Can take days to YEARS in rare cases for symptoms to appear, but the average is 1-3 months
  • Once infected, the virus replicates in the cytoplasm of muscle cells and spreads—it eventually ends up in nerve receptors, and enters the central nervous system where it attacks the brain and spinal cord before continuing to spread throughout the peripheral nervous system
  • Symptoms in HUMANS:
    • 30-60 days post-infection=pain/itching at site, restlessness, headache, fever, nausea, sore throat, loss of appetite
    • Next=Increased production of saliva, muscle stiffness, sensitivity to light/ loud sounds, irrational excitement, convulsions
    • Later=anxiety, confusion, agitation, delirium
  • Symptoms in ANIMALS
    • 3 phases, although not all are observed!
  • Phase 1, “prodromal”
    • virus is starting to replicate and move through the nervous system
    • Behavioral changes; most often a reversal of normal behavior (shy animals becoming aggressive, aggressive animals becoming timid, or nocturnalanimals being out during the day and vice versa)
    • Behavioral changes; most often a reversal of normal behavior (shy animals becoming aggressive, aggressive animals becoming timid, or nocturnalanimals being out during the day and vice versa)
  • Phase 2, “Furious”
    • Animals are extremely irritable and aggressive—will lunge at and attack anything that moves near them
    • Increased production of saliva=classic “foaming at the mouth
    • Not every animal displays this form!!
  • Phase 3, “Dumb/Paralytic”
    • most commonly paralysis of lower jaw and legs
    • animal loses the ability to chew, swallow, walk normally, right itself, stay standing or maintain flight
    • “Hydrophobia”=fear of water,
    • With Rabies, it is actually an inability to swallow that leads to avoidance of water, not fear
    • Death usually follows


Contact Us

We Look Forward to Hearing From You

Location

8301 Seminole Trail, Ruckersville, VA. 22968

Office Hours

Our Regular Schedule

RUCKERSVILLE ANIMAL HOSPITAL

Monday:

7:00 am-6:00 pm

Tuesday:

7:00 am-6:00 pm

Wednesday:

7:00 am-6:00 pm

Thursday:

7:00 am-6:00 pm

Friday:

7:00 am-6:00 pm

Saturday:

8:00 am-12:00 pm

Sunday:

Closed